Top 10 Sniper Rifles

  dileesha lakshan
  karma level 66157





A good sniper can damage enemy’s morale by taking out key personnel. They can stop a unit in its tracks. But for a good sniper a gun with an eagle sight, deadly impact and a monstrous fire power is essential. Today we have rounded up Top 10 Sniper Rifles of all times.

No 10. M24 (American)

Calibre:

7.62x51mm NATO (.308 win)

Operation:

Bolt Action

Feed:

5-Round internal magazine

Weight:

12.1 lb (5.49 kg) empty without telescope

Length:

43in (1092mm)

Sights:

10×42 Leupold Ultra M3A telescope sight (Mil-Dots),
plus detachable emergency iron sights. (Redfield Palma International)

Barrel:

416R Stainless Steel, 24″ length, 1:11.2″ twist, 5 radial land grooves

Stock:

HS Precision – adjustable length.

Max Effective Range :

800 meters (875 yards)

Expected Accuracy:

1 MOA with M118
.5 MOA with M118LR

The M24 Sniper’s Weapon System (SWS) represents a return to bolt action sniper rifles by the US Army. As in the USMC M40A1, the M24 uses the Remington 700 action, although the reciever is a long action made for adaptation to take the .300 Winchester Magnum round. The stock (HS Precision) is made of a composite of Kevlar, graphite and fibreglass bound together with epoxy resins, and features an aluminium bedding block and adjustable butt plate. A detachable bipod (Harris) can be attached to the stocks fore-end. The metal finish is powder coated for extreme durability

The rifle had a very quick development cycle as the US Army had decided it wanted to get snipers back into the US Army and was in the process of developing the B4 identifier and the school to award it. There was a major short fall of M21′s which was the standard sniper rifle at that point of time and the Army figured it would need 10,000 sniper rifles of which they didn’t have nearly that many M21′s. So a new sniper rifle was developed at the same time and it was done in a record 22 months. The Weapon System Matrix Manager for the M24 was Major John Mende and he explains that the long action actually had nothing to do with the ability to convert to a .300 Win Mag but was a product of that quick development time. The rifle was intended to be chambered in the .30-06 as the -06 was a type classified munition for the Army unlike the .300 WM at the time. They wanted to have a high power load for the .30-06 eventually developed. As development of the system was moving forward they discovered that there was not enough .30-06 ammo in a single lot in the Army’s inventory to test and develop the system so they quickly changed to the 7.62x51mm NATO (308 Win) and left the action the same as there was not enough time for the manufacturers of the stock and floorplate to make the change to short action. They also fully believed they would later do a product improvement update and convert all the M24′s to .30-06. The fact that they could convert them to .300 Win Mag was an unexpected benefit to the SF groups and was never actually designed into the system.

No 9. SR25 (American)


Knights SR-25 rifle, civilian version with 20″ barrel

Knights SR-25 carbine, civilian version with 16″ barrel and telescopic buttstock

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

United States

Service history

In service

1990

Used by

See  Users

Wars

Afghanistan War, Iraq War, 2006 East Timorese crisis, 2nd Intifada

Production history

Designer

Eugene Stoner

Manufacturer

Knight’s Armament Company

Variants

SR-25 Enhanced Match rifle, with 20 in (510 mm) barrelSR-25 Enhanced Match Carbine, with 16 in (410 mm) barrel and M110 flash suppressor

Specifications

Weight

Match Rifle 10.75 lb (4.88 kg),
LwMatch 9.5 lb (4.3 kg),
Carbine 7.5 lb (3.4 kg),
Sporter 8.75 lb (3.97 kg)

Length

1,118 mm (44.0 in)

Barrel length

Match Rifle 24 in (610 mm)(also LwMatch & Sporter 20 in/510 mm, Carbine 16 in/410 mm)


Cartridge

7.62x51mm NATO

Action

Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Rate of fire

Semi-automatic

Feed system

10 and 20-round detachable box magazine




No 8. L42 Enfield (British)

Type

Bolt-action rifle

Place of origin

United Kingdom

Service history

In service

1895-1926 (MLE)
1907–present (SMLE)

Used by

Wars

Second Boer War
First World War
Second World War
Various Colonial conflicts
Irish War of Independence
Malayan Emergency
Korean War
Nepalese Civil War
Afganistan conflict
and numerous other conflicts.

Production history

Designer

James Paris Lee, RSAF Enfield

Produced

1895-1907 (MLE)
1907– (SMLE)

Number built

over 17,000,000 (All Variants) [1]

Variants

Short, Magazine Lee Enfield Mk. I, Mk. I*, Mk.III, Mk. III*, Rifle No. 4 Mk. 1, Mk. 1* (produced by Savage and Long Branch), Mk. 1(T) Sniper Rifle, Mk. 2, Rifle No 5 Mk. 1 (Jungle Carbine)

Specifications

Weight

~4 kg (8.8 lb) depending on wood density

Length

1,130 mm (44.5 in)

Barrel length

635 mm (25 in)


Cartridge

.303 Mk VII SAA Ball

Action

Bolt-action

Muzzle velocity

744 m/s (2,441 ft/s)

Effective range

550 yards (503 m) [2]

Maximum range

2,000 yd (1,829 m)

Feed system

10-round magazine, loaded with 5-round charger clips

Sights

Sliding ramp rear sights, Fixed-post front sights, “Dial” long-range volley sights; Telescopic sights on Sniper models.




No 7. M21 (American)

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

United States

Service history

In service

1969–1988

Used by

United States

Production history

Designer

Army Weapons Command,
Combat Development Command,
Limited Warfare Agency

Designed

1969

Manufacturer

Rock Island Arsenal, Springfield Armory

Variants

M25

Specifications

Weight

5.27 kg (11.6 lb)

Length

1118 mm (44 in)

Barrel length

560 mm (22 in)


Cartridge

7.62x51mm NATO

Action

Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Muzzle velocity

853 m/s (2,800 ft/s)

Effective range

690 m (750 yd)

Feed system

5, 10 or 20-round detachable boxmagazine

Sights

Front: National Match front blade .062
Rear: Match-grade hooded aperture with one-half minute adjustments for both windage and elevation.
26 3/4 in sight radius.



No 6. PSG1 (German)

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

West Germany

Service history

In service

1972-present

Used by

Germans

Production history

Designer

Heckler & Koch GmbH

Designed

1970s

Manufacturer

Heckler & Koch GmbH
SEDENA (licensed)

Produced

1972–present

Variants

PSG1A1, MSG90, MSG90A1

Specifications

Weight

7.2 kg (15.87 lb)

Length

1,230 mm (48.4 in)

Barrel length

650 mm (25.6 in)

Width

59 mm (2.3 in)

Height

258 mm (10.2 in) with telescopic sight


Cartridge

7.62x51mm NATO

Action

Roller-delayed blowback

Muzzle velocity

868 m/s (2,848 ft/s)

Effective range

800 m

Feed system

5- or 20-round detachable box magazineor 50-round drum

Sights

Hendsoldt ZF6x42PSG1 telescopic sightwith illuminated reticle



No 5. Dragunov SVD (Soviet Union)

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

Soviet Union

Service history

In service

1963–present

Used by

Russians

Wars

Vietnam War, [1] Soviet war in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Yugoslav Wars,First and Second Chechen Wars, 2008 South Ossetia War

Production history

Designer

Evgeny Dragunov

Designed

1958–1963

Manufacturer

Izhmash, Norinco, Zastava Arms

Produced

1963–present [2]

Variants

See  Variants

Specifications

Weight

4.30 kg (9.48 lb) (with scope and unloaded magazine) [2]
4.68 kg (10.3 lb) (SVDS)
4.40 kg (9.7 lb) (SVU)
5.02 kg (11.1 lb) (SWD-M)

Length

1,225 mm (48.2 in) (SVD) [2]
1,135 mm (44.7 in) stock extended / 815 mm (32.1 in) stock folded (SVDS)
900 mm (35.4 in) (SVU)
1,125 mm (44.3 in) (SWD-M)

Barrel length

610 mm (24.0 in) (SVD, SWD-M) [2]
565 mm (22.2 in) (SVDS)
600 mm (23.6 in) (SVU)


Cartridge

7.62x54mmR [2]

Action

Gas-operated, rotating bolt

Muzzle velocity

830 m/s (2,723 ft/s) (SVD, SVDS, SWD-M)
800 m/s (2,624.7 ft/s) (SVU)

Effective range

Up to 800 m sight adjustments for point targets

Maximum range

1,300 m with scope
1,200 m with iron sights

Feed system

10-round detachable box magazine

Sights

PSO-1 telescopic sight and iron sights with an adjustable rear notch sight



No 4. AS50 (Bristish)

Type

Anti-materiel rifle, Sniper rifle

Place of origin

United Kingdom

Production history

Designed

2005 or 2006

Produced

2006

Number built

Unknown

Variants

1 AS50

Specifications

Weight

27 lb (12.2 kg) (no scope/sight, empty mag)

Length

53.9″ (1369 mm)

Barrel length

692 mm


Cartridge

12.7 x 99 mm NATO

Caliber

12.7 mm .50 BMG

Action

Direct impingement [ citation needed ]

Rate of fire

semi-automatic, estimated at 5 rounds/1.3 seconds

Effective range

1,500 m

Feed system

5 or 10 round detachable box magazine




No 3. Barrett .50 Cal (American)

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

United States

Production history

Manufacturer

Barrett Firearms Company

Unit cost

$3800-$4000

Specifications

Weight

25 lb (11.36 kg)

Length

50.4 in (1280 mm)

Barrel length

32 inches (813 mm)


Cartridge

.50 BMG (12.7 × 99 mm),
.416 Barrett

Action

Single Shot, Bolt Action

Maximum range

2600 Meters



No 2. Cheytac .408 cal (American)

Type

Rifle

Place of origin

United States

Production history

Designer

John Taylor and William O. Wordman

Designed

2001

Manufacturer

Chey Tac

Produced

2001–present

Variants

.375 Chey Tac

Specifications

Parent case

.505 Gibbs

Case type

Rimless, bottleneck

Bullet diameter

.408 in (10.4 mm)

Neck diameter

.438 in (11.1 mm)

Shoulder diameter

.601 in (15.3 mm)

Base diameter

.637 in (16.2 mm)

Rim diameter

.640 in (16.3 mm)

Rim thickness

.065 in (1.7 mm)

Case length

3.04 in (77 mm)

Overall length

4.307 in (109.4 mm)

Case capacity

159 gr H 2 O (10.335 cm³)

Rifling twist

1 in 13 in (330.2 mm)

Primer type

Large Rifle

Maximum pressure

63,800 psi (440 MPa)

Ballistic performance

Bullet weight/type

Velocity

Energy

305 gr (19.8 g) Solid

3,500 ft/s (1,100 m/s)

8,298 ft·lbf(11,251 J)

419 gr (27.2 g) Solid

3,000 ft/s (910 m/s)

8,376 ft·lbf(11,356 J)

Source: Cartridges of the World [



No 1. L115A3 AWM (British)

Type

Sniper rifle

Place of origin

United Kingdom

Service history

In service

1997 – present

Used by

See  Users

Wars

Afghanistan War, Iraq War

Production history

Manufacturer

Accuracy International

Specifications

Weight

6.5 kg (14.3 lb) (.300 Winchester Magnum)
6.9 kg (15.1 lb) (.338 Lapua Magnum)
with stock, bipod and empty magazine

Length

1200 mm (47.2 in) (.300 Win. Mag.)
1230 mm (48.4 in) (.338 Lapua Magnum)

Barrel length

660 mm (26 in) (.300 Win. Mag.)
686 mm (27 in) (.338 Lapua Magnum)


Cartridge

.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum

Action

Bolt-action

Effective range

1,100 metres (1,203 yd)
.300 Winchester Magnum [1]
1,400 metres (1,531 yd)
.338 Lapua Magnum [1]

Feed system

5-round detachable box magazine

Sights

detachable aperture type iron sights
day or night optics

















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